Sila

4369668_orig Sila is located in the heart of Calabria. It is a plateau that extends over 150,000 hectares, making it the largest plateau in Europe, through the provinces of Cosenza, Crotone and Catanzaro. It is divided (from north to south) in Greek Sila, Big Sila and Small Sila. By the Decree of the President of the Republic in 2002, there were established the Sila National Park and its local government, which includes the territories that already were in the “historic” National Park of Calabria (1968), for the protection of areas of significant environmental interest. With an average altitude of over 1,300 meters above the sea level, Sila is surrounded by a circle of mountains whose highest peak, Botte Donato Mountain, reaches 1,928 meters. It is covered by a vast and lush forest where the beautiful pine forest of black pine trees are flanked at different heights other woods such as oak, chestnut and beech that give hospitality to a rich and diverse fauna including among other Apennine wolves, fallow and roe deer, several species of mustelids, ducks, herons, raptors and rare birds such as the eagle owl and the black woodpecker. According to recent studies conducted by the researcher Stefano Montanari, director of the Nanodiagnostics Laboratory of Modena, and Antonietta Gatti, in Sila and in an area of the park, precisely in the small village of Tirivolo, a place of Zagarise, at the foot of Gariglione Mountain, you would breathe the cleanest air in Europe.